Observation Tools

Purple needlegrass Photo courtesy of Paul Alaback.

Purple needlegrass (Nassella pulchra)


Also Known As: Purple stipa, Tussock grass, Needle grass
Plant Family: Grasses (Poaceae)
Project BudBurst Plant Group: Grasses

Identification Hints: Needlegrasses grow in clumps andhave rolled leaves and only one finely hairy flower in each spikelet. Purple needlegrass is distinctive in having an open loose cluster of flowers with spreading branches called "panicles." Look for the pair of reddish, narrow, leaf-like structures (called "glumes") at the base of each floret; the glumes are tapered from base to tip, with the tip narrowing to a sharp point (hence the name needlegrass).

Did you Know? Purple needlegrass, the state grass of California since 2004, was eaten by the native herds of ungulates that roamed theCalifornia grasslands (Tule elk, mule deer, and pronghorns) before cattle were domesticated and replaced most of these wild animals. Nasella pulchra continues to be a major forage species for domesticated livestock in California grasslands and oak woodlands. Roots of this plant can grow up to 6 m (20 feet) downward, helping it to reach reserves of soil moisture and to avoid the effects of summer drought.


Live Map for Purple needlegrass

Other years available for viewing:

Below you can view all observations that have been reported in for Purple needlegrass (If the map below is empty then there have not been any observations reported.)

Use the navigation buttons on the left to zoom in/out and pan around. Click on each place marker to get detail information about that observation.

Leaf/Needles/Stalk = Leaf/Needles/Stalk Flower = Flower Pollen = Pollen Fruiting = Fruiting Color = Color

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The table below displays all the data that has been submitted to Project BudBurst. By default, the data is sorted by the date on which the phenophase occurred. Clicking the up and down arrows next to each column name allows you to sort on any value. If there have been more than 10 observations submitted, you can choose how many to display at a time using the "Show __ entries" control. You can also page through the data using the previous and next buttons at the bottom right of the table.

The Search box allows you to search all of the data. Searching by date, species, phenophase, etc. is easy—just start typing and the table will immediately change to contain only observations that contain your search phrase. Do you want to see only 2012 observations? Just type "2012" in the search box. Only want to see maples? Enter "Acer." You can combine searches, too! Searching for "acer 2012" will narrow your results to only the maples that were observed in 2012 (assuming that any observations exist, of course).

Once you have your results in the order desired, you can use any of the buttons above the search box to copy the results to the clipboard; save them as a text, or spreadsheet; or even print them from your browser!

Observational data for Purple needlegrass:

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Date Contributor Common Name Species Phenophase Latitude Longitude Obs#
Sat Feb 11 00:00:00 GMT 2012 vanessabelz Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 39.984700000000000 -105.268000000000000 14090
Thu Jan 31 00:00:00 GMT 2013 kimyoonse00 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (Middle) 42.595600000000000 -83.093000000000000 17935
Sun Apr 20 00:00:00 GMT 2008 chanah Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra First Flower Stalk 42.605600000000000 -83.149900000000000 19259
Mon Apr 20 00:00:00 GMT 2009 chanah Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra First Flowering/Pollen 42.605600000000000 -83.149900000000000 19260
Tue Apr 20 00:00:00 GMT 2010 chanah Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Full Flowering/Pollen 42.605600000000000 -83.149900000000000 19261
Wed Apr 20 00:00:00 GMT 2011 chanah Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra First Ripe Fruit 42.605600000000000 -83.149900000000000 19262
Fri Apr 20 00:00:00 GMT 2012 chanah Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Full Fruiting 42.605600000000000 -83.149900000000000 19263
Sat Apr 20 00:00:00 GMT 2013 chanah Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra All Leaves Withered 42.605600000000000 -83.149900000000000 19264
Sun Apr 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 sophiajmoore Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.365280000000000 -122.176400000000000 78224
Sun Apr 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 sophiajmoore Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (Early) 37.365280000000000 -122.176400000000000 78225
Sun Apr 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 sophiajmoore Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.365280000000000 -122.176400000000000 78226
Sun Apr 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 katherinehan Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.436320000000000 -122.115770000000000 78520
Sun Apr 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 katherinehan Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (None) 37.436320000000000 -122.115770000000000 78521
Sun Apr 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 katherinehan Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.436320000000000 -122.115770000000000 78522
Sun Apr 30 00:00:00 GMT 2017 flowerperson6 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.441880000000000 -122.143020000000000 80728
Sun Apr 30 00:00:00 GMT 2017 flowerperson6 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (None) 37.441880000000000 -122.143020000000000 80729
Sun Apr 30 00:00:00 GMT 2017 flowerperson6 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.441880000000000 -122.143020000000000 80730
Wed Feb 22 00:00:00 GMT 2017 dominad10 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra First Flower Stalk 31.783633000000000 -106.345253000000000 81447
Thu Mar 09 00:00:00 GMT 2017 dominad10 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra First Flowering/Pollen 31.783633000000000 -106.345253000000000 81448
Wed Mar 22 00:00:00 GMT 2017 dominad10 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Full Flowering/Pollen 31.783633000000000 -106.345253000000000 81449
Sun Apr 02 00:00:00 GMT 2017 dominad10 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra First Ripe Fruit 31.783633000000000 -106.345253000000000 81450
Wed Apr 19 00:00:00 GMT 2017 dominad10 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Full Fruiting 31.783633000000000 -106.345253000000000 81451
Tue May 02 00:00:00 GMT 2017 dominad10 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra All Leaves Withered 31.783633000000000 -106.345253000000000 81452
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 ashleyjguo Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 40.000000000000000 -100.000000000000000 81827
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 ashleyjguo Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (Early) 40.000000000000000 -100.000000000000000 81828
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 ashleyjguo Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (Early) 40.000000000000000 -100.000000000000000 81829
Sun May 07 00:00:00 GMT 2017 faithv Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (None) 37.442334000000000 -122.132596000000000 81895
Sun May 07 00:00:00 GMT 2017 faithv Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (None) 37.442334000000000 -122.132596000000000 81896
Sun May 07 00:00:00 GMT 2017 faithv Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.442334000000000 -122.132596000000000 81897
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 h0pesong Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.441880000000000 -122.143020000000000 82318
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 h0pesong Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (Early) 37.441880000000000 -122.143020000000000 82319
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 h0pesong Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.441880000000000 -122.143020000000000 82320
Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 GMT 2017 lk1004 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (None) 37.442189000000000 -122.117951000000000 82592
Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 GMT 2017 lk1004 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (None) 37.442189000000000 -122.117951000000000 82593
Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 GMT 2017 lk1004 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.442189000000000 -122.117951000000000 82594
Tue May 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 JGirard1749 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 40.037708000000000 -82.731445000000000 82844
Tue May 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 JGirard1749 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (Middle) 40.037708000000000 -82.731445000000000 82845
Tue May 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 JGirard1749 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (Early) 40.037708000000000 -82.731445000000000 82846
Tue May 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 devan8 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.450480000000000 -122.144280000000000 83348
Tue May 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 devan8 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (Early) 37.450480000000000 -122.144280000000000 83349
Tue May 16 00:00:00 GMT 2017 devan8 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.450480000000000 -122.144280000000000 83350
Sat May 20 00:00:00 GMT 2017 jimmy Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.438050000000000 -122.138720000000000 83468
Sat May 20 00:00:00 GMT 2017 jimmy Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (None) 37.438050000000000 -122.138720000000000 83469
Sat May 20 00:00:00 GMT 2017 jimmy Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.438050000000000 -122.138720000000000 83470
Sat May 20 00:00:00 GMT 2017 chitran222 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.432270000000000 -122.122260000000000 83527
Sat May 20 00:00:00 GMT 2017 chitran222 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (None) 37.432270000000000 -122.122260000000000 83528
Sat May 20 00:00:00 GMT 2017 chitran222 Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.432270000000000 -122.122260000000000 83529
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 marcusama Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.442044000000000 -122.108880000000000 84656
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 marcusama Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.442044000000000 -122.108880000000000 84657
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 marcusama Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.442044000000000 -122.108880000000000 84658
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 marcusama Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (Early) 37.442044000000000 -122.108880000000000 84659
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 marcusama Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (Early) 37.442044000000000 -122.108880000000000 84660
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 marcusama Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (Early) 37.442044000000000 -122.108880000000000 84661
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 marcusama Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.442044000000000 -122.108880000000000 84662
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 marcusama Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.442044000000000 -122.108880000000000 84663
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 marcusama Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.442044000000000 -122.108880000000000 84664
Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 GMT 2017 AmaMarcus Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.442257000000000 -122.108692000000000 84726
Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 GMT 2017 AmaMarcus Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (Middle) 37.442257000000000 -122.108692000000000 84727
Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 GMT 2017 AmaMarcus Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.442257000000000 -122.108692000000000 84728
Sat May 13 00:00:00 GMT 2017 ATow Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (Middle) 37.445960000000000 -122.131980000000000 85005
Sat May 13 00:00:00 GMT 2017 ATow Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (None) 37.445960000000000 -122.131980000000000 85006
Sat May 13 00:00:00 GMT 2017 ATow Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.445960000000000 -122.131980000000000 85007
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 xAln Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Flower Stalk Emerging (None) 37.717290000000000 -122.104350000000000 85593
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 xAln Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Pollen (None) 37.717290000000000 -122.104350000000000 85594
Sat May 06 00:00:00 GMT 2017 xAln Purple needlegrass Nassella pulchra Fruit (None) 37.717290000000000 -122.104350000000000 85595

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