Scientific name
Medicago sativa
Also Known As
Lucerne, Purple medick
Alfalfa is a clover-like plant with leaves in threes that are distinct because the leaflets have teeth only on the upper head of the leaflets. Alfalfa also has dense heads of purple flowers.

Scientific name
Ulmus americana
The American elm is a tree which can grow up to 100 feet tall. It is found over much of the eastern United States, as far north as Maine and as far south as Texas. Its range extends west into Montana and Wyoming. The flowers of the American elm emerge before the leaves, so keep a close eye on them in the spring. The flowers are small and purplish-brown in color.

Scientific name
Tilia americana
Also Known As
Basswood, Lime tree
American lindens are deciduous trees with unevenly heart-shaped leaves and fragrant yellow flowers. They are also known as Basswoods. This species has large, nearly hairless leaves and flower stalks.

Scientific name
Pulsatilla patens
Also Known As
Eastern pasqueflower, Anemone patens, Prairie crocus, Windflower, Cutleaf anemone
A distinctive feature of this western grassland native is the feathery, silky fruiting head. The leaves, flowers, and stalks are all covered with silver white hairs. In moist areas in mountains, you can also see the western pasqueflower which is larger, has white flowers, and more finely divided leaves.

Scientific name
Hamamelis virginiana
American witchhazel is a deciduous shrub with light brown bark. The leaves are dark green and shiny above and pale green on the underside. Young leaves can be covered in rusty colored hairs.

Scientific name
Helianthus annuus
This sunflower species has rough, hairy stems, triangular-shaped leaves, and flower heads up to 6 inches wide. It can be between 2 and 10 feet tall.

Scientific name
Malus pumila
Also Known As
Common apple, Paradise apple
The common apple is distinguished by its tough rounded leaves which are hairy below. The leaves appear rolled as they emerge from the buds.

Scientific name
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Also Known As
Aromatic American aster, Fall aster, Wild blue aster, Shale barren aster
Aromatic aster is a native perennial wildflower that grows from 1–3 feet tall. The aster’s rigid stems branch out from the base.  The name derives from the balsam-like scent when stems are crushed or broken.

Scientific name
Populus balsamifera
Also Known As
Black cottonwood, Populus trichocarpa
Balsam poplar trees (also known as cottonwoods) have rounded, lance-shaped leaves with short stems and fruits that are capsules which split in 2 parts.

Scientific name
Corylus cornuta
Also Known As
Filbert
The beaked hazelnut is a deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub. It's namesake is the fruit, which has a husk that surrounds the nut by at least an inch, forming the "beak".