Leaves have five lobes with few teeth and are pale beneath. Leaf buds are brown. Sap from a broken leaf stalk is not milky. Mature bark is deeply furrowed or shaggy. (The Norway maple has milky leaf sap, green leaf buds, and the tight bark has narrow groves) Fruit is a two-winged samara. In autumn these trees change color to scarlet, orange or yellow. Found in woods, and often planted.
Sugar maples are the most common tree used for making maple syrup. Trees are tapped in the spring when the nights are below freezing and the days are above 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Sugar maples are also important trees for wildlife. Many animals, such as rabbits and deer browse the branches and songbirds will use these trees for nesting.