Let's Learn about Plant Groups

You probably know that an apple tree has leaves and a pine tree has needles. But did you know that an apple tree is an example of a Deciduous Tree and a pine tree is an example of a Conifer? In this section, learn about the 5 groups of plants that you can monitor and what makes them unique.

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Wildflowers and herbs are non-woody (herbaceous) plants that die back to the ground in the winter. Examples include California poppies, columbines, and black-eyed susans.

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Deciduous trees and shrubs are woody plants that shed their leaves or needles in the winter. Examples include maples, chokecherries, and lilacs.

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Conifers are woody trees and shrubs that produce cones, rather than flowers. Most conifers are also evergreen but some are deciduous. Examples of conifers include pines, spruces, and firs.

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Evergreen trees and shrubs include both herbaceous and woody species that maintain green leaves or needles year round. Examples include mangroves, magnolias, and Live oaks.

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Grasses are plants with long, linear leaves growing from the base of the plant. Most are in the grass family, but we also include plants like cattails and rushes, which are grass-like in appearance.