Photo Credit
Photo courtesy of Thomas G. Barnes, USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky.

Indian pink

Scientific name
Spigelia marilandica
Also Known As
Woodland pinkroot
Plant Family
Plant Group
Indian pink is a clump-forming herb with fused petals of 5 lobes which are red on the outside and yellow on the inside. The stamens are attached to and alternate with the petals.
Identification Hints

Indian pink is a clump-forming herb with fused petals of 5 lobes which are red on the outside and yellow on the inside. The stamens are attached to and alternate with the petals. The leaves are large and generally found as pairs along the stem.

Did You Know?

The bright red trumpet-shaped flowers attract hummingbirds. They are commonly planted in ornamental perennial gardens, bog or pond areas, and water gardens.

Leaves
The glossy, emerald green leaves are oppositely arranged, and have smooth edges. Leaves are lance shaped and occur in 4 to 7 pairs along a wiry stem. Leaves do not have stalks (petioles) and their veins are prominent.
Flowers
At the end of each stalk there is a one-sided spike of deep-red to scarlet tubular/trumpet-shaped flowers, up to 2 in (5 cm) long, each ending in five yellow lobes. The flowers have a dramatic color contrast, and are red on the outside and yellow on the inside. The five pointed petals reflex back to show their yellow lining, which resembles a yellow star. They have five stamens, and the anthers are erect and poking out of the flower.
Fruits
A dry oblong double capsule that pops opens to release seeds.
Habitat
Shaded woods, open woodlands, woodlands’ edge, forest openings in moist, sandy, fertile soils.
Bloom Time
Late spring into summer (May to July), depending on location.
States
AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA