Photo Credit
Photo courtesy of Mrs. W.D. Bransford, TX www.wildflower.org.

Wild bergamot

Scientific name
Monarda fistulosa
Also Known As
Bee balm
Plant Family
Plant Group
Wild bergamot (also known as Bee-balm) is highly aromatic. Because it is part of the mint family, the stems of Wild bergamot are square with gray-green foliage. Its flowers generally bloom between June and September.
Identification Hints

This aromatic perennial grows 1 to 4 ft high and has branched, hairy stems. The opposite leaves are distinctly petioled and slightly toothed. Wild bergamot has square stems with gray-green foliage. The flowers bloom from June to September. The flowers are tubular with lobes much shorter than the tube.

Did You Know?

Bergamot is listed as an ingredient in Earl Grey tea, but this is actually the oil from the bergamot orange. Many Native American groups used this member of the mint family for medicinal purposes, and some people still drink bergamot tea during cold and flu season. This plant is also the source of the antiseptic Thymol, used in some mouthwashes.