Desert four o'clock
The Bosque del Apache (Woods of the Apache) National Wildlife Refuge is located approximately halfway between Albuquerque and Las Cruces in Socorro County, New Mexico. The refuge was created in 1939 and encompasses 57,191 acres of land along the Rio Grande river. The refuge is made up of bottomlands, arid foothills, and mesas.which provide homes for migratory birds and endangered species. Invasive plants, such as salt cedar, are being removed and replaced with native plants such as cottonwoods and black willows. Several plant species from the Refuge have been identified as being particularly useful for making phenological observations.