Wildflowers and Herbs

What are Wildflowers and Herbs?

As its name implies, a wildflower is a flower that grows in the wild. Simply defined, it is a flower that grows 'on its own' without needing cultivation. Some wildflowers are native species, that is, they are indigenous to an area or region. Other wildflowers have been introduced to an area but are able to thrive on their own. Some species of wildflowers are very common while others are quite rare.

Wildflowers and Herbs to Observe

Click on a plant name to the right to access printable Regular or Single Report forms to take with you when you observe your plant. These reporting forms describe the leafing, flowering, and fruiting events to look for.

If the plant you'd like to monitor is not on the list, download our Regular Report or Single Report forms for Wildflowers and Herbs which describe the leafing, flowering, and fruiting events to look for.

Two Ways to Observe Wildflowers and Herbs

The phases you monitor for Wildflowers and Herbs will depend upon whether you are observing your plant using Single Reports or Regular Reports.

Regular Reports: Using Regular Report forms, you track your plant (or plants) throughout a season, recording the dates when key leafing, flowering and fruiting events occur (event-based reporting). The Regular Report phenophases for Wildflowers and Herbs are: First Flower, Full Flower, First Ripe Fruit, Full Fruiting, All Leaves Withered.

Single Reports: Using Single Report forms, you select a phase that best describes the leafing, flowering, or fruiting phase that your plant is currently in (ie. Flowers-middle or Flowers-early) on the day you happen to see it (status-based reporting). The Single Report phenophases for Wildflowers and Herbs are: Flowers (None), Flowers (Early), Flowers (Middle), Flowers (Late), Fruit (None), Fruit (Early), Fruit (Middle), Fruit (Late).

Project BudBurst Plants

We have identified 113 Wildflowers and Herbs that are easy to identify and widespread across the continental United States.

AlfalfaAlfalfa
Medicago sativa
Alpine forget-me-notAlpine forget-me-not
Eritrichium nanum
American pasqueflowerAmerican pasqueflower
Pulsatilla patens
Annual sunflowerAnnual sunflower
Helianthus annuus
Arrowhead rootArrowhead root
Sagittaria latifolia
Banana yuccaBanana yucca
Yucca baccata
Beefsteak plantBeefsteak plant
Perilla frutescens
Bigleaf lupineBigleaf lupine
Lupinus polyphyllus
Bitter rootBitter root
Lewisia rediviva
Black-eyed susanBlack-eyed susan
Rudbeckia hirta
Blanket flowerBlanket flower
Gaillardia aristata
BloodrootBloodroot
Sanguinaria canadensis
Blue false indigoBlue false indigo
Baptisia australis
Blue-eyed grassBlue-eyed grass
Sisyrinchium campestre
Butterfly milkweedButterfly milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa
California fuchsiaCalifornia fuchsia
Epilobium canum
California poppyCalifornia poppy
Eschscholzia californica
Canada goldenrodCanada goldenrod
Solidago canadensis
Canada thistleCanada thistle
Cirsium arvense
Closed Bottle GentianClosed Bottle Gentian
Gentiana andrewsii
Colorado blue columbineColorado blue columbine
Aquilegia caerulea
ColtsfootColtsfoot
Tussilago farfara
Common camasCommon camas
Cammassia quamash
Common dandelionCommon dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Common greenbrierCommon greenbrier
Smilax rotundifolia
Common milkweedCommon milkweed
Asclepias syriaca
Common wormwoodCommon wormwood
Artemisia vulgaris
Common yarrowCommon yarrow
Achillea millefolium
Creamy indigoCreamy indigo
Baptisia bracteata
Dalmatian toadflaxDalmatian toadflax
Linaria dalmatica
Darkthroat shootingstarDarkthroat shootingstar
Dodecatheon pulchellum
DaturaDatura
Datura stramonium
Desert four o'clockDesert four o'clock
Mirabilis multiflora
Diffuse knapweedDiffuse knapweed
Centaurea diffusa
Dogtooth violetDogtooth violet
Erythronium americanum
Dotted blazing starDotted blazing star
Liatris punctata
Dotted horsemintDotted horsemint
Monarda punctata
Eastern pasqueflowerEastern pasqueflower
Pulsatilla patens
Eastern teaberryEastern teaberry
Gaultheria procumbens
Edible thistleEdible thistle
Cirsium edule
FiddleneckFiddleneck
Amsinckia menziesii
Field chickweedField chickweed
Cerastium arvense
Field mustardField mustard
Brassica rapa
Formosa lilyFormosa lily
Lilium formosanum
Foxglove beard tongueFoxglove beard tongue
Penstemon digitalis
Garlic mustardGarlic mustard
Alliaria petiolata
Grass of ParnassusGrass of Parnassus
Parnassia glauca
Gray-headed coneflowerGray-headed coneflower
Ratibida pinnata
Hairy golden asterHairy golden aster
Heterotheca villosa
Henbit deadnettleHenbit deadnettle
Lamium amplexicaule
Henderson's shooting starHenderson's shooting star
Dodecatheon hendersonii
Hoary puccoonHoary puccoon
Lithospermum canescens
Hummingbird sageHummingbird sage
Salvia spathacea
Indian breadrootIndian breadroot
Pediomelum esculentum
Indian pinkIndian pink
Spigelia marilandica
Jack in the pulpitJack in the pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum
Lanceleaf springbeautyLanceleaf springbeauty
Claytonia lanceolata
Large flowered trilliumLarge flowered trillium
Trillium grandiflorum
Lead plantLead plant
Amorpha canescens
Maximilian sunflowerMaximilian sunflower
Helianthus maximiliani
MayappleMayapple
Podophyllum peltatum
Moss campionMoss campion
Silene acaulis
MugwortMugwort
Artemisia douglasiana
New England asterNew England aster
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Obedient plantObedient plant
Physostegia virginiana
Oregon wild iris Oregon wild iris
Iris tenax
Pacific silverweedPacific silverweed
Argentina egedii
Pacific trilliumPacific trillium
Trillium ovatum
PinkladiesPinkladies
Oenothera speciosa
Plains pricklypearPlains pricklypear
Opuntia phaeacantha
Prairie blazingstarPrairie blazingstar
Liatris pychnostachya
Prairie phloxPrairie phlox
Phlox pilosa
Prairie smokePrairie smoke
Geum triflorum
Purple coneflowerPurple coneflower
Echinacea angustifolia
Purple passion flowerPurple passion flower
Passiflora incarnata
Purple prairie cloverPurple prairie clover
Dalea purpurea
Red columbineRed columbine
Aquilegia canadensis
Rose checker-mallowRose checker-mallow
Sidalcea malviflora ssp. virgata
Rough blazingstarRough blazingstar
Liatris aspera
Rubber rabbitbrushRubber rabbitbrush
Ericameria nauseosa
Sand lilySand lily
Leucocrinum montanum
Sand penstemonSand penstemon
Penstemon ambiguus
Scarlet giliaScarlet gilia
Ipomopsis aggregata
Scarlet globemallowScarlet globemallow
Sphaeralcea coccinea
Showy lady's slipperShowy lady's slipper
Cypripedium reginae
Showy prairie gentianShowy prairie gentian
Eustoma exaltatum
Silverleaf phaceliaSilverleaf phacelia
Phacelia hastata
Skunk cabbageSkunk cabbage
Symplocarpus foetidus
Smooth coneflowerSmooth coneflower
Echinacea laevigata
Soapweed yuccaSoapweed yucca
Yucca glauca
Soft green eyesSoft green eyes
Berlandiera pumila
SpadderdockSpadderdock
Nuphar advena
Spider lilySpider lily
Hymenocallis latifolia
SpiderwortSpiderwort
Tradescantia ohiensis
Spotted knapweedSpotted knapweed
Centaurea stoebe
Swamp milkweedSwamp milkweed
Asclepias incarnata
Trailing arbutusTrailing arbutus
Epigaea repens
Virginia bluebellsVirginia bluebells
Mertensia virginica
Virginia creeperVirginia creeper
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
WapatoWapato
Sagittaria latifolia
Water lilyWater lily
Nymphaea odorata
Western blue-eyed grassWestern blue-eyed grass
Sisyrinchium bellum
Western ragweedWestern ragweed
Ambrosia psilostachya
Western skunk cabbageWestern skunk cabbage
Lysichiton americanus
White cloverWhite clover
Trifolium repens
Wild bergamotWild bergamot
Monarda fistulosa
Wild leekWild leek
Allium tricoccum
Wild lupineWild lupine
Lupinus perennis
Wild quinineWild quinine
Parthenium integrifolium
Wild strawberryWild strawberry
Fragaria virginiana
Wood lilyWood lily
Lilium philadelphicum
Yellow coneflowerYellow coneflower
Ratibida columnifera
Yellow jessamineYellow jessamine
Gelsemium sempervirens