Photo Credit
Photo courtesy of Steve Baskauf, Vanderbilt University, bioimages.vanderbilt.edu.

American elm

Scientific name
Ulmus americana
Plant Family
The American elm is a tree which can grow up to 100 feet tall. It is found over much of the eastern United States, as far north as Maine and as far south as Texas. Its range extends west into Montana and Wyoming. The flowers of the American elm emerge before the leaves, so keep a close eye on them in the spring. The flowers are small and purplish-brown in color.
Identification Hints

The American elm is a tree which can grow up to 100 feet tall. It is found over much of the eastern United States, as far north as Maine and as far south as Texas. Its range extends west into Montana and Wyoming. The flowers of the American elm emerge before the leaves, so keep a close eye on them in the spring. The flowers are small and purplish-brown in color.

Did You Know?

American elm was first described by Carolus Linneaus in 1753. The flowers are small, purplish-brown and very inconspicuous. The flowers are wind-pollinated and do not have any petals. The fruits are flat and round with a seed encapsulated in a papery, wing-like outer covering. This fruit type is considered a samara by botanists. The fruits also rely on wind for dispersal.

States
AL, AR, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY