Photo Credit
Photo courtesy of USFWS Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge.

Oak mistletoe

Scientific name
Phoradendron leucarpum
Also Known As
American mistletoe
Plant Family
Oak Mistletoe is a semi-parasitic evergreen shrub with short, interrupted, axillary clusters of tiny yellow flowers on smooth, green, jointed stems. Mistletoe is the sole larval host plant for the Great Purple Hairstreak Butterfly and produces white berries with sticky pulp, which are eaten by birds.
Identification Hints

Oak Mistletoe is a semi-parasitic evergreen shrub with short, interrupted, axillary clusters of tiny yellow flowers on smooth, green, jointed stems. Mistletoe is the sole larval host plant for the Great Purple Hairstreak Butterfly and produces white berries with sticky pulp, which are eaten by birds.

Did You Know?

Oak mistletoe creates "witches brooms" which create thick branches and clusters that are key habitats for many bird and mammal species since these structures resemble those found on old growth trees. The mistletoe alters the hormones of the tree to create these structures, kind of like insect galls.

States
AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV