Scientific name
Medicago sativa
Also Known As
Lucerne, Purple medick
Alfalfa is a clover-like plant with leaves in threes that are distinct because the leaflets have teeth only on the upper head of the leaflets. Alfalfa also has dense heads of purple flowers.

Scientific name
Pulsatilla patens
Also Known As
Eastern pasqueflower, Anemone patens, Prairie crocus, Windflower, Cutleaf anemone
A distinctive feature of this western grassland native is the feathery, silky fruiting head. The leaves, flowers, and stalks are all covered with silver white hairs. In moist areas in mountains, you can also see the western pasqueflower which is larger, has white flowers, and more finely divided leaves.

Scientific name
Helianthus annuus
This sunflower species has rough, hairy stems, triangular-shaped leaves, and flower heads up to 6 inches wide. It can be between 2 and 10 feet tall.

Scientific name
Purshia tridentata
Antelope bitterbrush is a perennial, deciduous shrub or small tree with rigid branches and wedge-shaped leaves. The leaves are also deeply 3-lobed at the tip.

Scientific name
Malus pumila
Also Known As
Common apple, Paradise apple
The common apple is distinguished by its tough rounded leaves which are hairy below. The leaves appear rolled as they emerge from the buds.

Scientific name
Populus balsamifera
Also Known As
Black cottonwood, Populus trichocarpa
Balsam poplar trees (also known as cottonwoods) have rounded, lance-shaped leaves with short stems and fruits that are capsules which split in 2 parts.

Scientific name
Corylus cornuta
Also Known As
Filbert
The beaked hazelnut is a deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub. It's namesake is the fruit, which has a husk that surrounds the nut by at least an inch, forming the "beak".

Scientific name
Perilla frutescens
Also Known As
Chinese basil, Perilla mint, Wild basil
Beefsteak plant is in the mint family and is native to Asia. It was most likely brought to the U.S. as a garden plant, but has turned into an invasive species. It blooms in the fall and has leaves that can vary from green to a deep reddish-purple.

Scientific name
Artemisia tridentata
Big sagebrush are tall, rounded shrubs with wedge-shaped leaves with 3-5 teeth at the tips. They have a strong turpentine-like odor and small, inconspicuous flowers.