Scientific name
Vaccinium angustifolium
Also Known As
Miinagaawanzh (Ojibwe)
Known as miinagaawanzh by the Ojibwe.Low shrub that forms large colonies or patches. Found in dry sandy soil, in open woods, along roadsides and sometimes bogs. Flowers bloom in May to June. The sweet blue berries ripen from July to September.

Scientific name
Gaultheria procumbens
Also Known As
Checkerberry, Deerberry, Wiinisiibag (Ojibwe), Wintergreen
Known as wiinisiibag by the Ojibwe. A low, woody ground cover, teaberry has oval, shiny, dark green leaves, white, bell-shaped, nodding flowers with aromatic red berries following the flowers.

Scientific name
Vaccinium ovatum
This is a common shrub in coastal forests. Leaves are small, dark and leathery, with finely toothed (serrated) edges. Its dark blue berries usually fruit later in the season than the red huckleberry, and persist into the winter.

Scientific name
Vaccinium corymbosum
Highbush blueberry is a deciduous shrub with white bell-shaped flowers and dark green leaves. It is an important food species for birds and mammals.

Scientific name
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Also Known As
Bearberry
Kinnikinnick is one of the few woody shrubs in the heath family with large, thick evergreen leaves that trails along the ground. It has urn-shaped whitish or pinkish flowers with openings on the bottom.

Scientific name
Kalmia latifolia
This native shrub can be found throughout the Appalachian region. In the early summer it produces beautiful white flowers tinged with pink. This evergreen shrub is a toxic member of the blueberry family.

Scientific name
Vaccinium parvifolium
Red huckleberry, native to the northwest, is a deciduous shrub with small, rounded leaves borne on distinctive bright-green twigs.

Scientific name
Gaultheria shallon
Salal forms dense thickets along coastal trails and is common in forest openings. Its leathery oval leaves and dark purple berries are distinctive. In spring, tiny white bell-shaped flowers adorn its branches.

Scientific name
Oxydendrum arboreum
Leaves are light green with fine teeth. Flowers are small, white, and urn-shaped. Fruits are long and narrow and persist through winter.

Scientific name
Epigaea repens
Also Known As
Ground laurel, Mayflower
Trailing-arbutus becomes a creeping mat, commonly only 4-6 in. high with broad, oval, leathery leaves.