Photo Credit
Photo courtesy of Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge.

Common greenbrier

Scientific name
Smilax rotundifolia
Plant Family
Plant Group
Common greenbrier is a pioneer species that forms impenetrable thickets of prickly branches, which creates good cover for small mammals and birds. The persistent fruits are an important late winter and early spring food for wintering birds including northern cardinals and white-throated sparrows.
Identification Hints

Common greenbrier is a pioneer species that forms impenetrable thickets of prickly branches, which creates good cover for small mammals and birds. The persistent fruits are an important late winter and early spring food for wintering birds including northern cardinals and white-throated sparrows.

Did You Know?

Common greenbrier generally blooms between April and June. It occurs in the Eastern United States as far north as Maine and as far south as Florida. The fruits generally ripen sometime in the fall.

States
AL, AR, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WV