Leaves narrowly ovate with 12-16 widely spaced teeth. Long slender twigs ending in tapering copper-colored leaf bud. The bark is smooth and light gray; old trees sometimes have initials carved into the bark. The sharply angled nut is enclosed in spiny husk. Found in moist woods.
American beech generally flowers in the spring, from March to May. It sets fruit in the fall, from September to October and releases seed in the late fall from October to November.